Read and Speak Ancient Greek

Learn Ancient Greek

Read and Understand Ancient Greek

Greek lessons - learn Greek the easy way

This course teaches the the Ancient Greek language from the computer via interactive, multimedia lessons.

Course design general characteristics

Read and Speak Ancient Greek course

Ancient Greek Verbs version 1.2

Read and Speak Ancient Greek
The course teaches the Ancient Greek language (Classical and Biblical/Koine), is very thorough, uses interactive multimedia and is composed of three parts. Where possible citations are provided for sentences/phrases used in the course. Much of the material appears for the first time in English textbooks that teach Ancient Greek.

Part 1: This part is designed to teach Ancient Greek from the computer. it is a multimedia course (use of pictures, sound, multicolor text, interactivity, exercises) that establishes a solid foundation for learning to traslate Ancient Greek text and covers the material noted below.
• Key developments in language evolution
• Alphabet, early characters, vowels, consonants, long/short property
• Biblical (Koine) pronunciation model and rules
• Language marks (accents, breathings, subscript iota ...) and rules
• Vocabulary of about 1000 words, phrases and sentences
• Brief description of nouns and verbs

Completion of Part 1 enables the student to read Ancient Greek, recognize spoken liturgy, have a limited a vocabulary and use a lexicon to find word translation/grammar.

Part 1 is now available as a software download from internet.

Brief Program description

Part 2: This part describes nouns and their cases and numbers as well as verbs and their voices, moods and tenses. Usage (syntax) of cases, numbers, voices, moods and tenses is categorized extensively. A very large number of sentence examples are provided from Ancient Greek works (Plato, Xenophon, Thucydides, Homer…), the New Testament and other religious works. An expanded (but not complete) description of Greek grammar is given.

Completion of Part 2 enables the student to comprehend and translate Ancient Greek. The meaning and grammar of complex words may be obtained via Greek-English Lexicon by Liddell & Scott or the Internet-based Perseus word study tool (currently at Many verbs and verb-forms are found in the already-released Ancient Greek verbs package.

Most of the work on Part 2 has been completed.

Part 3: This part contains the grammar for nouns, adjectives, pronouns and verbs.

Very little work has been completed on Part 3.

This course is designed for use by schools or at home. The course teaches the material covered in all six grades of elementary school. In order to help the student rapidly understand the language, the course uses (1) custom-made color pictures for easy understanding of words and enhanced memory recall, (2) human sound and phonics for understanding text and its sound representation, and (3) multicolor text for distinguishing roots, endings and prefixes of verbs and nouns. Furthermore, program displays can be magnified to fillt the computer screen. Because of game-like features, the homework is fun to do and can be used repeatedly to refresh student memory.

Part 1 is available via download from the Internet (file size is about 250MB).

The Ancient Greek Course can be run from the Hard Disk.

Title: Read and Understand Ancient Greek
By: George N. Balanis, PhD, MBA and Toula Balanis, AA
Published by: Anotek, Inc.

Ancient Greek Verbs version 1.2
The conjugation of 286 Ancient Greek verbs is provided in a software format that allows searches and printouts. Almost all the irregular verbs have been included. The product can be obtained via a download from the Ordering Form.

The verbs do not contain conjugation drills or lessons. The user has the following options:
1. User picks the available voice, mood, tense and then sees the conjugation.
2. User searches for a verb form supplying the verb form (full or partial) with, or without, accents, breathings or subscript iota.
3. User prints the complete conjugation for each verb in Form A, Form B or both.
Form A: Each printout line has the data for a verb form (Voice, Mood, Tense, Version, Person/Number and Verb Form)
Form B: Conjugation is presented for all verb forms in a Voice and Tense and across all voices and tenses

Also, the contractions for different verb endings are included.

A list of the verbs is available in PDF format by clicking here List of available Ancient Greek Verbs (ver. 1.2) Need free Adobe Reader from


Sales and Ordering:  Click Ordering Form


IBM Compatible Multimedia computer (Pentium), 32MB RAM, 500MB available hard disk space, Printer, WINDOWS XP/NT 4.0+/2000 SP2+ with all updates from WINDOWS update location/XP.
MacIntosh with "The Virtual PC" program emulating Windows.

Table of Contents
*  Introduction
*  Alphabet
*  Vocabulary
*  Phonetics of Greek sounds
*  Exercises for the Vocabulary
*  Marks of the Language
*  Structure of the Language (not in Part 1)
*  Exercises for the Grammar (not in Part 1)
*  Exercises for the Sentences (not in Part 1)
*  Analysis of Selected Texts (not in Part 1)

Texts used for Examples in Part 1

Examples from the texts below are used in Part 1.

1. Cratinus, Fragmenta, Comedy, 520-423 B.C. 2. Hesychius of Alexandria, Lexicon, 5th Century A.D.
3. Dipylon Vase inscription (Oldest Text Written with Greek Alphabet), 725 B.C.
4. Suda, Lexikon - Lycurgus, about 10th Century A.D.
5. Archimedes, Fragmenta, 287-212 B.C.
6. Homer, Odyssey, about 750 B.C.
7. Inscription from Samos island, about 470 B.C.
8. Demosthenes, Shadow of a Donkey, 384-322 B.C.
9. John Chrysostomos, Vanity Sermon on Eutropius, 347-407 A.D.
10. Plato, Apology, around 427-347 B.C.
11. Euripides, Bacchae, 480-406 B.C.
12. Xenophon, Anabasis, 430-355 B.C.
13. Thucydides, Histories, 460-400 B.C.
14. Sophocles, Ajax, 495-406 B.C.
15. Aristophanes, Frogs, 448-388 B.C.
16. Isocrates, To Philip, 436-338 B.C.
17. Xenophon, Symposium, 430-355 B.C.
18. Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, 526-456 B.C.
19. Euripides, Electra, 480-406 B.C.
20. Lucianus, Dialogs between Gods, 120-186 A.D.
21. Lysias, Against the Corn Dealers, 459-380 B.C.
22. Democritus, Fragmenta, 460-370 B.C.

Sample of Customer Comments
* Steven Milano - USA - (29 December 2006)
Excellent program! I'll be taking Ancient Greek next year and your program is exactly what I need.

To order, go to Ordering Form.

Revised: 30 December 2006
Copyright © 1996 Anotek, Inc.